Minicipital law is a branch of law regulating relations related to local government. Local self-government regulates the relations connected with the municipal property, proceeding from interests of all inhabitants of the given territory. Minicipital law is implemented with the help of local government.
Local governments are specially authorized bodies related to public authorities. Disputes that arise with local governments mainly refer to administrative ones, since they are related to the implementation of the functions assigned to them. Depending on the nature of the disputed situations, disputes may apply to civil and economic disputes, if they concern economic transactions and contracts. Including municipal authorities often become parties to the dispute as third parties, in the event that the decision of a civil or economic dispute entails the performance of an action on the part of the municipal authority, for example, the registration or cancellation of a normative act, the obligation to carry out other actions. In such a case, of course, such a dispute can hardly be called a dispute with a municipal authority, since the dispute is essentially about the applicant and the respondent, and the local government is involved in the process to resolve the matter in fact, since it can be decided only after state registration.
Municipal law is designed to regulate more “simple and vital” questions concerning a particular region, the city area, taking into account the needs of the local population and its understanding of social order and order.
In depending on the characteristics of the state structure, there are several types of organization of municipal government: one-level, two-level and three-level. Management is carried out in various ways: with the predominant rights at the head of the council, or the prevailing rights of the council over the head of the council. Management of local self-government bodies may be carried out by elected or appointed bodies. Also, mixed management is used with the appointment of officials and with elected representatives of the people.
Municipal law is a form of municipal property management recognized by the international community. Local self-government and its foundations are fixed at the constitutional level…
Municipal rights is implemented using:
- international treaties to which the state is a party;
- decisions of public authorities (the President, the Cabinet of Ministers, etc.);
- legal acts created by the local government;
- national and international judicial acts;
- decisions taken by referendums of citizens;
- and others.
As a conclusion, can say that local self-government touches upon many issues related to the realization of the interests of citizens in ordinary life, such as: issues related to communal relations (maintenance of public places, parks, houses, etc.); registration of the place of residence; etc., and therefore is an important subject of legal activity.
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